Frequently asked question:
Q: What's the difference between Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest?
A: Heart Attack occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw.
Cardiac Arrest is a condition in which your heart's electrical system malfunction and your heart stop beating. It's not the same thing as a heart attack or you can say Cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not has been diagnosed with heart disease. It can come on suddenly, or in the wake of other symptoms. Cardiac arrest is often fatal if appropriate steps are not taken immediately.
The common basic reasons for Heart Attack or Cardiac Arrest in the bathroom are:
1) Excessive strain during defecation adversely affects the cardiovascular system and results in Syncope. Syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness usually related to insufficient blood flow to the heart. It may also lead to death. When one is constipated, he or she holds down his/her breath and bears down excessively. This increases the abdominal pressure and helps force out the stools. But this action is also very stressful to the heart and the circulatory system, as it increases the pressure inside the chest, thus reducing the blood flow to the heart. This leads to an insufficient supply of blood to the heart. Use of sitting toilet triggers the risk more than a squatting toilet as it requires more strain.
2) Abrupt changes in blood pressure: In the bathroom, we do not follow sequenced bathing. We tend to take bath by letting go shower or bucket water on our head directly. It causes the body to adjust its temperature too quickly because we are warm-blooded. For a healthy person, the sequenced bath does not matter but It may generate pressure and cause artery or capillary breakage in a person having heart or blood vessel problem.
Sequenced bathing is very important to avoid such incidences. Start with wetting your legs and up to your hand gently.
3) Water temperature: Chilled water can cause the arteries to constrict and prevent blood flow to vital organs like the heart and the brain.
So individuals with a history of heart problems or stroke are advised to use lukewarm water to bath.
Dr. Suman Setia
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